First off, How does one calculate the popular vote? The popular vote is calculated by the total vote difference between the 2 presidential candidates. The candidate with the most votes minus the votes of the other candidate gives you the actual number. There are 2 ways to increase the popular vote margins, the first, be popular across the country's 3000+ counties where the candidate adds a large number of smaller vote counts than the other candidate provided they also have the same appeal across the country, let's call this the large scale fast food chain approach, keep the prices small but sell a lot for the margins. The second small scale "boutique restaurant chain" approach is to get massive vote counts and keep the vote difference between in the rest of the counties to be as small as possible to grow the popular vote bigger than the other candidate who may be popular everywhere else.
So where did President Joe Biden get his 6 Million popular vote gains? What was his model? Was it the "large scale Fast Food Model" or "small scale Boutique restaurant chain model" ?
Based on the data points, Joe Biden's win as a small scale Boutique Restaurant chain model, win big in few dense counties.
President Joe Biden, in a head to head match up with President Trump, won only 1/6th of the 3000+ counties in the country. In these 502 counties, he made a large vote difference of roughly 23.5 Million votes from these counties. To get the vote difference, subtract the 55.5M from the Votes in Million column in 502 counties where Joe Biden won to vote in 32M Millions column were Trump lost. 55.5-32=23.5 Million votes. Joe Biden's approximately 23.5 Million vote lead Trump has to erase by getting votes in all the remaining 2559 counties where he got the majority vote, to win the popular vote by 1 vote.
Off the 502 counties, where Joe Biden got majority votes, 2 counties were won with a vote difference of 1 million or more giving him a 3M lead with total tally towards popular votes of 4.75M, 58 counties won with a vote difference of ranged from 100K to 999K giving him an 12.5M lead with a total contribution of popular votes of 22.4M, 169 counties vote difference range of 10K to 99K, 179 counties range from 1K to 9999, 99 under 1K. So, Joe Biden got a 15.5 million lead from 60 counties and a total of 27.15M towards popular vote, which is 1/50th of the counties in the country. Another way to look at it is, 34% of President Biden's popular votes came from 1/50th of the country.
Majority of Joe Biden's 80M votes ,i.e 55.5 M came from 1/6th (502 of the 3000+) of the counties in the country and 24.5M votes from the remaining 2559 counties. In these 502 counties he increased his margin from Mrs. Clinton's 2016 performance by 10M. Trump got 32M from the same 502 counties, increasing his 2016 27M by 5M and Trump got 42M votes in the 2559 counties. For a President to be almost 1/2 as popular in majority of the country to the candidate he won over, could be a troubling from the point governance if the policies of each of the candidates are drastically different.
In the last 20 years, in 1/5th of the counties where Joe Biden won, the Democratic Party, were are 32.1M in 2000 and grew to 44.9M in 2008 for President Obama. Mrs. Clinton's support dropped to 45.8 in 2016. In 2020, President Joe Biden, increased the numbers in these 502 counties by close to 10M votes to 55.5M, the highest number for any Democrat president. Even with this incredible increase, he was unable to pick up the large states of Texas, Florida or Ohio, nor was he able to comfortably win any of the rustbelt states which Mrs. Clinton lost and the or the battleground states that he won. Were these 10M votes in in-consequential blue states? (A deep dive on this could help answer these questions.). From 2000 to 2020, the Democratic party increased their numbers from 32.1M to 55.5M in these 502 counties. 23M votes increase is a sizeable increase. The Republican party has increased its numbers from 24.1M to 32M, where Trump increased it by 5.2M votes in 2020.
In the last 20 years, the Democratic party grew by 5M in the 5/6th of the country,2559 counties, from 17M to 22M. Vice President Gore got 17M to President Obama in 2008 brought it to 21.5 in 2008 and President Biden increased by 400K in 2020 to 21.9M. In the same time period the Republican support grew by 15M in those same counties where in 2000 President Bush was at 25M and President Trump brought it in 2020 to 40M.
Could be the reason why the Democrat party did not see the blue wave in 2020, be that it gained 10M votes in already blue states/counties? Or is it because of the huge gains the Republicans are seeing all over the country all these 20 years going from 25M to 40M without losing their base? If the number of votes in 5/6th of the country for the Democrats only grew by 400K, how it possible to create a blue wave? Is there something the Democrat leadership, the media and pollsters not looking into?
A more important question regarding the pollsters, Is polling really showing us an accurate picture in these large swarths of the country? How can a Republican candidate with such poor media coverage and extremely poor polls still get such high numbers in majority of the country? Is the media reach now only limited to 1/6th of the country and the 5/6th of the country tuned out? Are the pollsters even polling the right people?